Type 2 Diabetes – Drugs Versus Diet and Lifestyle Changes!

Are you a diabetic? Are you tired of taking all those medications that claim to control your blood sugar? Do you want to shift to a more natural way of controlling your health problem? Are you interested to know the pros and cons of managing your blood sugar through diet and lifestyle changes alone? If your answer is a big “YES” to all of these questions, then the best thing for you to do right now is to continue reading this article.

Type 2 diabetes is a health problem caused by the body’s resistance to the action of insulin, an important hormone needed for the transport of glucose, a type of sugar that serves as the body’s energy source, across the membranes of individual cells. With insulin resistance, sugar levels build up within the blood stream causing the symptoms usually seen in Type 2 diabetes.

The goals in the management of diabetes are having good blood sugar control and preventing the long-term complication of diabetes from developing.

There are two ways to control your blood sugar:

1. Lifestyle modification though proper diet and exercise: Maintaining a normal weight and having a healthy and balanced diet the cornerstone for good blood sugar control and management. According to Medline Plus, people with diabetes must always eat at a scheduled time with a consistent amount of calories at each meal. This way, the blood sugar level won’t go very high or very low…

  • eating the right foods can help in the management of diabetes. In a study published by the Annals of Internal Medicine, the researchers noted newly diagnosed Type 2 diabetics would greatly benefit from having some healthy modifications to their diet. In this study, volunteers followed the Mediterranean diet, a diet high in monounsaturated fats, the healthy fats. The result of this study showed anti-diabetic drugs can be delayed with the use of the Mediterranean diet… volunteers showed cardiovascular benefits and increased insulin sensitivity. However, for diabetics who have poor control over their appetites, lifestyle changes are most often not enough to control their rising blood sugar levels.
  • regular physical activity is also very important. The rate of sugar metabolism within the body increases with repeated muscular contraction. This state of increased metabolic rate can cause your blood sugar to lower and normalize. However, as warned by MayoClinic.com, regular exercise must only be done with the recommendation from your doctor since excessive and strenuous physical activity may result in a sudden drop in your blood sugar. This would lead to dizziness and shortness of breath.

2. Diabetic Medications. Oral hypoglycemic drugs and insulin are designed to lower your blood sugar and continually keep it in check. However, the effectiveness of these medications are dependent on many factors such as the timing of intake, the dosage, and the possibility of a drug interaction which can exaggerate or sometimes diminish their effectiveness.

As mentioned in a study published by the Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, drug intervention plays a significant role in controlling the blood sugar in diabetics who are unable to modify their diet and their lifestyle.

The American Diabetic Association recommends Type 2 diabetics have both a suitable medication as well as lifestyle modifications to effectively control their blood sugar levels in order to prevent any long-term complications associated with Type 2 diabetes.

The Risks and Benefits of Anti-Diabetic Drugs

Glimepiride is an oral hypoglycemic drug for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, you should talk to your doctor first before taking this drug as it is associated with an increasing number of cardiovascular mortality.

Glimepiride can be a potent anti-diabetic drug. This sulfonylurea drug is marketed as Glista OD by Cadila Pharmaceuticals Ltd. and Amaryl by Sanofi-Aventis. The drug works by lowering your blood glucose level by stimulating your pancreas to produce more insulin as well as boosting the intracellular insulin receptor activity.

Indications:

Type 2 diabetes is a medical condition in which your body has a high amount of blood sugar because of its failure to use insulin normally. Your doctor will prescribe diet, exercise and Glimepiride to stimulate your pancreas to induce it to make more insulin as well as make your body highly sensitive to insulin. You can use Glimepiride without or with insulin.

Usage:

A tablet of Glimepiride is taken once a day, usually with a big, hearty meal. It is highly recommended that you follow prescription label directions or your doctor’s instructions. If you missed a dose, take it the soonest unless you are nearing the time for the next dose, then you can skip it and continue with your regular medication schedule.

Hypoglycemia and Hyperglycemia:

Taking Glimepiride may result to low or high blood sugar level-hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia. It is important that you know the symptoms of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia and what to do if you experience them.

If you have low blood sugar or hypoglycemia, your doctor may tell you to check your blood sugar, drink or eat beverage or food that contains sugar such as fruit juice or candy or get a medical care. Some symptoms of hypoglycemia are:

· Shakiness

· Sweating

· Lightheadedness or dizziness

· Pale skin

· Jerky or clumsy movements

· Headache

· Tingling or numbness around the mouth

· Irritability or nervousness

· Weakness

· Hunger

Non-treatment of hypoglycemia may result to seizures, confusion or loss of consciousness. On the other hand, you would know if you have high blood sugar or hyperglycemia, if you experience:

· Extreme thirst

· Extreme hunger

· Blurred vision

· Weakness

· Frequent urination

Hyperglycemia, if not treated, may lead to diabetic ketoacidosis which is a life-threatening condition. Call your doctor immediately if you experience decreased consciousness, vomiting and nausea, dry mouth and shortness of breath.

Read more about Glimepiride in the newly review posted.